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New York State PBIS logo
Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports logo type
May 23, 2017


What is PBIS? 


PBIS is a systems approach to creating and maintaining positive school climates where teachers can teach and students can learn. This evidence-based framework emphasizes preventing school discipline problems.


PBIS provides ideas to support teaching, modeling and recognizing positive, appropriate behavior in schools and identifies systems for logically responding to classroom and individual student problems.

PBIS is NOT a curriculum, intervention, or practice, but IS a systems change framework that guides selection, integration, and implementation of the best evidence-based practices for improving behavior outcomes for all students while increasing opportunities for academic engagement.

What are the primary elements of PBIS?

In general, PBIS emphasizes four integrated elements:

1. Data for decision-making


2. Measurable outcomes supported and evaluated by data

3. Practices that are achievable and evidence based


4. Systems that efficiently and effectively support implementation of these  



What outcomes are associated with implementation of PBIS?

  • PBIS maximizes academic engagement and achievement for all students by:


Reducing disciplinary referrals, suspensions and expulsions while increasing academic performance.

    1. Increasing the consistent use of positive teaching and reinforcement strategies for behavior

    2. Using more engaging, responsive, preventive and productive approaches to problematic behavior


    4. Improving supports for students whose behaviors require more specialized assistance (e.g., emotional and behavioral disorders, mental health)

Three Tiered Triangle


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